As reported by BBC news, the NHS in England is to be reformed so health and care services can work more closely together, the government says
Health secretary Matt Hancock said the planned restructure will mean a focus “on the health of the population, not just the health of patients”. But Labour questioned the timing of the changes “in the middle of the biggest public health crisis our NHS has ever faced”, saying staff were exhausted. Hancock said there was “no better time than now”.
A full White Paper was published on Thursday, setting out the proposed future legislation.
“The pandemic has made the changes in this White Paper more not less urgent,” Hancock told MPs.
The shake-up will see the law changed to reverse reforms of the NHS in England introduced under prime minister David Cameron in 2012. Ministers believe the changes will put the NHS in a better position to cope with an ageing population and a rise in people with complex health conditions.
One-in-three patients admitted to hospital as an emergency has five or more health conditions, such as diabetes, obesity or asthma, up from one-in-10 a decade ago. Those working in the health service said many of the rules in place were time-consuming, frustrating and stressful.
Announcing the changes to MPs, Hancock said the new system would see the NHS and local councils take decisions about local health together.
“The new approach is based on the concept of population health,” he said.
Organisations called “integrated care systems” – which already exist in some parts of the country – will be set up in each part of England and be responsible for funding to support that area’s health.
“They will provide not just for the treatments that are needed but support people to stay healthy in the first place,” said Hancock.
Responding to criticism over the timing, Hancock said the pandemic had “brought home the importance of preventing ill health in the first place”.
Nigel Edwards, of the Nuffield Trust think tank, said the changes would be a “re-wiring behind the dashboard” and should not be too noticeable to patients.
While it was not a “magic bullet”, it could help different parts of the system work more closely together, he added.
Shadow health secretary Jonathan Ashworth said Labour had long argued for more integrated care, but raised questions over the timing.
He also said the test of the reorganisation “will be whether it brings waiting lists and times down, widens access especially for mental healthcare, drives up cancer survival rates and improves population health”.
Ashworth added that “legislation alone of course is not the answer to integration.
“We need a long-term funded workforce plan. We’ve not got one. We need a sustainable social care plan. We were promised one on the steps of Downing Street. We still don’t have one.”
The UK’s social care system is under pressure with past governments failing to reform or fund the council-run system properly.
In their 2019 election manifesto, the Conservatives pledged to find a cross-party solution to reduce pressures on the sector and provide long-term funding.
Hancock told MPs the government was “committed to the reform of adult social care and will bring forward proposals this year”.
Meanwhile, NHS England chief executive Sir Simon Stevens said the reform will create a “flexible can-do spirit” across the health and care system.
The White Paper will cite examples of good practice, such as a care team at the Royal Derby Hospital which sees nurses from the community, council care services and hospital staff working together to plan the discharge of patients.
Chris Hopson, of NHS Providers, which represents NHS managers, said it would end “an unnecessarily rigid NHS approach to procurement”.
The Local Government Association welcomed the plans but said they did not provide the funding to put care services on a “sustainable and long-term footing”.